Curry Rice

Japanese curry rice, known as kare raisu, is a beloved staple of Japanese cuisine. This dish is renowned for its rich, thick curry sauce served over steamed rice, offering a hearty, comforting meal that has captivated both locals and international food enthusiasts.

A Brief History

The origins of Japanese curry date back to the late 1800s during the Meiji Restoration, when Japan opened its doors to the world and embraced many Western influences. Curry was introduced to Japan by the British Navy, who had adapted the Indian curry to their tastes. The Japanese quickly adopted and adapted curry to their culinary traditions, leading to the creation of a unique dish that blends Japanese and Western elements​​.

Ingredients and Preparation

The essential components of Japanese curry are meat (usually beef, chicken, or pork), vegetables (commonly onions, carrots, and potatoes), and a curry roux. The roux is a thickening agent made from flour, butter, and curry powder, which forms the base of the curry sauce. Many recipes also incorporate additional ingredients like grated apple for sweetness, soy sauce for umami, and honey for balance.

Basic Recipe:

  1. Prepare the Ingredients: Cut the meat and vegetables into bite-sized pieces. Common additions include onions, carrots, and potatoes, but variations might include mushrooms, bell peppers, or even fruits like apples for a subtle sweetness.
  2. Cook the Meat and Vegetables: In a large pot, heat some oil and cook the meat until browned. Remove the meat and set aside. In the same pot, add the vegetables and cook until they start to soften.
  3. Make the Curry Base: Add water or broth to the pot and bring to a boil. Return the meat to the pot and simmer until everything is tender. Add the curry roux, stirring until it dissolves completely, creating a thick, flavorful sauce.
  4. Serve: Serve the curry over steamed rice. It can be accompanied by pickled vegetables like fukujinzuke (pickled radish) or rakkyo (pickled shallots) for added flavor​​.

Popular Variations

  1. Katsu Curry: This variation includes a crispy breaded and deep-fried cutlet (often pork or chicken) placed on top of the curry rice. The combination of crunchy katsu and creamy curry sauce is immensely popular​.
  2. Curry Udon: Instead of rice, this version features thick udon noodles in a curry-flavored broth. It’s a comforting dish especially favored during colder months​​.
  3. Curry Bread (Kare Pan): A unique twist where curry is wrapped in dough and then deep-fried or baked. It’s a popular snack found in bakeries across Japan​​.

Cultural Significance

Japanese curry has become a significant part of Japanese home cooking and comfort food culture. It is especially popular in school cafeterias, where it is a favorite among children. The dish’s versatility allows for endless variations, making it suitable for different tastes and dietary preferences. From households to restaurants, Japanese curry continues to evolve while maintaining its status as a beloved dish​​.

Where to Find It

Japanese curry can be enjoyed in various dining settings, from family restaurants and curry houses to convenience stores and specialty shops. Popular curry chains like CoCo Ichibanya offer customizable options, allowing diners to choose the type of curry, spice level, and toppings​​.


Japanese curry rice is a testament to Japan’s ability to take foreign influences and adapt them into something uniquely Japanese. Its rich history, combined with its adaptability and comforting taste, ensures that it remains a cherished part of Japan’s culinary landscape. Whether enjoyed at home, in a restaurant, or as a quick meal on the go, Japanese curry continues to warm hearts and fill stomachs around the world.